Ancient Rome: An Illustrated History
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Ancient Rome tracks the progress from the legendary founding of Rome by Romulus in 753 BCE, to the heights of the Roman Empire around 117 CE, and on to the death of Theodosius (the last man to rule over a unified Roman Empire) in 395 CE.
Rome placed the overthrow of Etruscan king Tarquin the Proud. Other legends give further accounts of Roman resistance. One famous myth involved the Etruscan ruler Lars Porsena, who attempted to return the Tarquins to power in Rome. The Romans reputedly demonstrated great courage in the wars that followed. One hero, Horatius, singlehandedly held back Porsena’s forces while comrades pulled down a strategic bridge. Another story concerning Porsena is that of Mucius Scaevola, who was captured during
eliminated his relatives on charges of treason. Sejanus’s influence continued to grow, and in 26 CE, the aging Tiberius retreated to the island of Capri, leaving imperial control in the hands of the prefect of Rome. Sejanus remained near Rome with most of the guard. He functioned as a caretaker and protector for Tiberius, censoring the news received by the 85 (c) 2011 Marshall Cavendish. All Rights Reserved. ANCIENT ROME emperor.The senate could only watch as Sejanus misused the power that
years, until he was murdered by his own troops. While Aurelius’s attention was focused on the east, Germanic peoples once more threatened the Danube border. Returning to central Europe, Aurelius barely had time to resecure the border before he died in Vindobona (present-day Vienna) in 180 CE. The empire was left to Aurelius’s 19-year-old son, Commodus. Many of the provincial cities had municipal status, which allowed them virtual self rule. These cities were ruled by a town council of
survive. The chariots 120 (c) 2011 Marshall Cavendish. All Rights Reserved. DAILY LIFE IN ROME often crashed into each other, and injuries and fatal accidents were common. The drivers hung amulets around their necks and on their horses for luck and used incantations to summon demons against their opponents. The emperor was always present at the races, to receive the cheers of the crowd and to show that he enjoyed the same sport as his people. The theater During the days of the empire,
the Campus Martius (Field of Mars) outside the city’s pomerium.The assembly included 30 centuries of men called juniores (juniors), who were between the ages of 17 and 46. Another 30 centuries were composed of seniores (seniors)—citizens who were too old to fight but who retained the right to vote. These 60 This shrine to household gods was found in the city of Pompeii. 17 (c) 2011 Marshall Cavendish. All Rights Reserved. ANCIENT ROME By the third century BCE, there were six separate