China and the World since 1945: An International History (The Making of the Contemporary World)
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The emergence of China as a dominant regional power with global influence is a significant phenomenon in the twenty-first century. Its origin could be traced back to 1949 when the Chinese Communist Party under Mao Zedong came to power and vowed to transform China and the world. After the ‘century of humiliation’, China was in constant search of a new identity on the world stage. From alliance with the Soviet Union in the 1950s, China normalized relations with America in the 1970s and embraced the global economy and the international community since the 1980s. This book examines China’s changing relations with the two superpowers, Asian neighbours, Third World countries, and European powers.
China and the World since 1945 offers an overview of China’s involvement in the Korean War, the Sino-Soviet split, Sino-American rapprochement, the end of the Cold War, and globalization. It assess the roles of security, ideology, and domestic politics in Chinese foreign policy and provides a synthesis of the latest archival-based research on China’s diplomatic history and Cold War international history
This engaging new study examines the rise of China from a long-term historical perspective and will be essential to students of Chinese history and contemporary international relations.
an adverse impact on the Sino-Soviet relationship: it reinforced Mao’s suspicions of the connection between domestic politics and international development, and between CCP opponents and the Soviet revisionists. On 14 July, Defence Minister Peng Dehuai wrote to Mao, suggesting a careful evaluation of the ‘losses and achievements’ of the Great Leap Forward. Mao discerned an ‘international background’ behind Peng’s attack, coming as it did shortly after the latter’s visit to the Soviet Union and
negotiations with the Americans. While rendering military and economic aid to Hanoi, the Soviets did not rule out the possibility of a negotiated settlement in Vietnam. In February 1965, during his visits to Hanoi and Beijing, Kosygin proposed the convening of an international conference on Indochina similar to the 1954 Geneva Conference where the Soviet Union was a co-chair. Other countries such as India, Ghana, and France also endeavoured to a ﬁnd a peaceful solution through their own
strongly that China had an obligation to promote revolutionary 6 Introduction transformation abroad. To continue revolution at home and abroad after 1949 was essential to China’s identity as a socialist state. Mao and Zhou were also practitioners of realpolitik. Their main concern was to uphold China’s national sovereignty and territorial integrity. Similar to other states in the international system, China’s foreign policy was shaped by threat perceptions and security considerations. China
China accepted the independence of Outer Mongolia. The Soviet Union recognized the GMD as the legitimate government of China, and would withdraw its troops from Manchuria within three months after Japan’s surrender.2 Stalin approached China from a global perspective. In establishing Soviet prominence in Manchuria, he had an eye on the security threat posed by Japan to the Soviet border. By recognizing the legitimacy of Chiang’s government, Stalin aimed to continue the wartime collaboration with
ceaseﬁre and a coalition government. As a result of the Marshall Mission, the two rival Chinese parties reached a ceaseﬁre agreement in early January 1946, and a military reorganization agreement in late February. But when it came to implementation, Mao was unwilling to give up his independent armed force in creating a uniﬁed national army, for it would leave the CCP at the mercy of the GMD. What ﬁnally ended the fragile peace in China was the emergence of the Cold War in Europe. By March,