China's Museums (Introductions to Chinese Culture)
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This book provides a guide to China's rich and varied museum collections, illustrated with rare images from the collections themselves. A great number of exquisite objects and artifacts have been preserved on China's vast territory, many of which are now displayed as museum exhibits. These cultural relics provide a crucial supplement to documentary sources, enriching our understanding of China's long history. The sixty-one museums selected for this book include both famous collections that are featured in the UNESCO list of World Cultural Heritage Sites, and others that are less familiar to Western eyes. China's Museums will inspire future visitors and those with an interest in Chinese history.
expressions of each soldier are expressed. Some of the statues were clearly northwest minority peoples, Overlooking the Qin Shi Huang Tomb. which also shows the origins of the Qin-dynasty soldiers. The cavalry and war chariots had an extremely important place in ancient armies. Those examples excavated from the pit included steeds that were vigorous and fat. Their ears were erect, their eyes wide and mouths open, they were generally 1.5 high, with smallish heads and relatively short legs. Some
remaining from the Northern Wei period in the Yungang grottoes. Central Portion of the Gro�oes Numbered #5 to #20, these are situated in the central region of the precipice of Wu Zhou mountain. They were the earliest part of the grottoes to be carved and they are of the highest value. The five grottoes numbered 16 to 20 were supervised by the high priest under the Northern Wei Emperor Wencheng and are considered to be the most resplendent of all. They are particularly notable for their Buddhist
precinct. These were mostly robbed in antiquity but certain superlative works of art remain that can be seen at this museum. It is well worth a visit. Underground Imperial Palaces 117 Dingling Museum ♦ Address: Beijing, Changping County, Special Area of the 13 Tombs ♦ Website: http://www.chnmuseum.com/dl1.htm T he Dingling Museum is located in Changping County at the foot of the Yanshan Mountains, outside Beijing. This is the site of the world-famous Ming-dynasty ‘Thirteen Tombs’ and it
Sacred Mother Temple. This is one of the earliest remaining large-scale wooden buildings in the world, with unique spatial arrangement, internal structure, and artistic form. There are 43 Northern Song-period painted statues inside the hall, treasures among painted clay sculpture in China. The main statue is of the Sacred Mother, who sits in a wooden case in the middle of the Hall. The other 42 are arrayed on either side as well as around the perimeter of the Hall. A great flying beam bridge is
known as the Siku Quanshu, or the Four Warehouses of All Knowledge. Most of the Shenyang Palace Museum collections of documents and artifacts date from the Qing dynasty, though some are from the Ming. Many are of interest for their historical value but some are of great artistic value as well, such as paintings by Dong Qichang (1555-1636), a famous Ming painter and calligrapher. Some of the more representative treasures that have been exhibited from the collections of the Museum are Qing-dynasty