Class Theory and History: Capitalism and Communism in the USSR

Class Theory and History: Capitalism and Communism in the USSR

Stephen A. Resnick

Language: English

Pages: 368

ISBN: 0415933188

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

First Published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

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enterprises that the absence of a consciousness of class in terms of the production, appropriation, and distribution of surplus made itself felt most clearly. The state enterprises reproduced the same basic structure of surplus production, appropriation, and distribution as had existed in the private cap­ italist enterprises before. Productive laborers delivered their product to a separate group of individuals, now state officials rather than private boards of directors. Those state officials

existence for surplus production elsewhere in society (at sites other than the czarist state itself). For example, the czar received tax revenues from and fees levied upon private capitalist enterprises, the SSCR(C). The taxes and fees were portions of those enterprises' surpluses that they distributed to the czar. In return, the czarist state provided crucial conditions enabling such private capitalism. The czarist mili­ tary and police apparatuses secured private capitalists from enemies

against noncommunist class structures and (2) classlessness as against all forms of class structures. Such commitments could become hegemonic within a state organized politically as a complete social democracy, a complete class democ­ racy, various kinds of social oligarchies, or any combinations of these alternatives. A socialist dictatorship of the proletariat refers to state commitments to goals other than communist class and classless structures. These would be the goals tradition­ ally

state-administered values as well as vice versa. 13. Neoclassical value theory-the main alternative to Mancian value theory over the last century­ rejects any place within its framework for a notion of class as surplus appropriation and distribu­ tion. Instead, it underscores how certain essentialized properties ascribed to human nature­ inherent axioms of human choice and technically given production possibilities-determine the actual commodity prices (Wolff and Resnick 1987). A Class

and services actually consumed-depended on how much real income flowed from each of the multiple class and nonclass positions they occupied. How each position influenced their thinking and feelings, their ideology and politics, depended not only on how much income it generated for them, hut also on how they experienced the time spent in each position: as a trauma or a privilege, as a temporary necessity or a situation to be treasured for the future. The contribution of a Marxian class analysis

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