Feminism and Men
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Many young women exist in a world very different from that of their grandmothers. In many countries they can vote and stand for Parliament, earn money, have the choice of who they want to marry, or whether to marry or not. In others, there has been a backlash against these rights, but even here, most women recognise that these rights exist even if they cannot claim them. But what about men? Though they still hold the power in the boardroom, in parliament and often in the family too, their attitudes towards women - and towards themselves - have often changed very little over the decades. Has feminism itself left some men confused and others angry with concerns that 'men are losing out'?
recognition and recompense for the contribution to production made by women. This calculation, and its addition to the costs, was accepted by the Body Shop, although they wanted more justification and more detail on what was actually being paid for. Subsequently some coffee buyers have also agreed to make a similar addition. Since this development started, there have been more women than men joining the co-ops as new members, an increase in the numbers of women initiating new projects, and a
fatherhood2 signals that there may even be a quiet revolution going on. Increasing numbers of men are becoming more involved in looking after their children. In many countries, it is no longer unusual to see a man carrying his baby, or pushing a child in a buggy to the park, or even attending ‘mother and toddler’ groups. This is a big change from previous generations, when fathers were much more aloof. Although this is primarily a rich-world revolution, and there are still relatively few studies
call themselves feminists about why they think this is so important. What kind of feminist are you? For its November 2013 issue, Elle magazine commissioned three advertising agencies to undertake what they called a ‘rebranding’ of feminism. One agency produced a flow chart called ‘Are You a Feminist?’ Another created an ad about equal pay. The third came up with an ad about stereotypes of women.2 Elle’s rationale for the venture was that only one in seven women in the UK call themselves
38 newint.org/features/2011/07/01/boys-brazils-favelas-violence-against-women/. 39 http://www.thoughtleader.co.za/melaniejudge/2013/04/03/behind-the-shock-and-awe-the-violence-is-normal/. 40 www.ipsnews.net/2013/04/austerity-leaves-domestic-violence-victims-stranded/. 41 L. Heise, ‘Violence against women: an integrated, ecological framework’, Violence Against Women, 4, 1998, pp. 262–90. 42 Chugh, ‘A drive to beat Rwanda’s gender-based violence: case studies’. 43 Western Balkan Gender-based
States Global Health Initiative, 100 University of Oxford, Young Lives study, 91 Uzamunkunda, Florence, 154–5 Valencia, Damián, 82 Valenti, Jessica, 71 Venner, Dominique, 32 Viana da Silva, Marisa, 3–5, 24 video games, 66; sexism in, 34; violent, 186 Vietnam: gender equality in, 97; school enrolment in, 90; schooling study in, 91; son preference in, 50; violence against women in, 181, 183, 193–4 Village Savings and Loans (VSL) programmes, 138–9 violence: against women, 14, 69, 106, 125,