Global History: A Short Overview
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This short book offers a clear and engaging introduction to the history of humankind, from the earliest movements of people to the contemporary epoch of globalization. Cowen traces this complex history in a manner which offers both a compelling narrative and an analytical and comparative treatment. Drawing on a new perspective on global history, he traces the intersection of change in economics, politics and human beliefs, examining the formation, enlargement and limits of human societies. Global History shows how much of human history encompasses three intersecting forces - trading networks, expanding political empires and crusading creeds.
Abandoning the limits of a Eurocentric view of the world, the book offers a number of fresh insights. Its periodization embraces movement across continents and across the millennia. The indigenous American civilizations are included, for instance. The book also ranges over the early civilizations of China and Europe as well as the Russian and Islamic worlds. Modern American and Japanese civilizations are, in addition, a focus for attention. The author examines national and regional histories in relation to wider themes, sequences and global tendencies. In conclusion, he seeks to address the question of the extent to which a global society is beginning to crystallize.
Decline The religious factor From Classical to Modern THE MODERN ERA PART IV: New Beginnings 10 Movement of Peoples 11 Economic Breakthrough 12 Church and State New beginnings PART V: Wider Identities 13 Centuries of Empire 14 Tools of Empire 15 Creeds of Empire Wider identities PART VI: Global Tendencies 16 The World Economy 17 Hostile Encounters 18 Communication Network Global tendencies Conclusion Civilization and globalization Economic pressures Political problems The
real. It has also been suggested that in the early stages Buddhism was supported by the commercial class because of its doctrine of social equality. The strength of the dynasty was heavily dependent on the growth of trade, so this too would have inclined the palace and the sangha towards making common cause. The concept of ‘dharma’ – the universal law of righteousness as expressed in social and religious order – has been variously claimed as the political invention of Asoka, the spiritual
was the task of the spiritual leaders to oversee this process and see that society so functioned that believers could perform their religious duties in safety. As the equality of Arab and non-Arab became more accepted, society itself became more functional, resting at its basic level on administrative market towns surrounded by villages. The weakening of the old tribal society and its replacement by the new communal structures allowed the agricultural revolution to spread widely and take a firm
holding the middle lands based on Persia. For Islam had become the religion of virtually all the nomadic Turkish peoples, serving both as a passport to a superior culture and a justification for raids against peoples with other beliefs. Among these were the populations of India, whose cities had acquired considerable wealth. The Turks came first to pillage but remained to rule, merging their ways with the customs of the Hindus while introducing them to Persian culture. By then another group, the
1850. The pre-eminence of Britain at mid-century was undisputed. With 2 per cent of the world’s population and only 10 per cent of Europe’s, the United Kingdom had a capacity in modern industry equal to 40–45 per cent of the world potential. In parallel was an international system of finance based on London; and the English language was used in all continents. Canals were cut to break land barriers, such as the Suez Canal in 1869, and by 1883 one firm had laid 13,000 miles of submarine cables,