Gramsci's Political Thought (Historical Materialism Book)

Gramsci's Political Thought (Historical Materialism Book)

Language: English

Pages: 198

ISBN: 1608462773

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Focusing on the central concepts of the Prison Notebooks and relating them to the history of modern political ideas, Gramsci's Political Thought demonstrates that Gramsci’s ideas continue to be relevant for understanding today's world. Written by a leading Brazilian Marxist theorist, this book provides one of the most succinct and theoretically focused introductions to Gramsci's thought available in any language.

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in spite of many differences, goes from Machiavelli and Vico to Mosca and Croce. We know well the degree to which Gramsci was connected to the ‘national terrain’ of his country’s culture, even if his thought is undeniably universal. Whatever the reasons that led Gramsci to evaluate the ‘science of politics’ positively, the fact remains that his work, even though it discussing several themes that today can be classified as philosophical, anthropological, sociological, aesthetic, and so on was

the question in an “historicist” fashion, and at the same time to place “will” (which in the last analysis equals practical or political activity) at the base of philosophy. But it must be a rational, not an arbitrary, will, which is realised in so far as it corresponds to objective historical necessities, or in so far as it is universal history itself in the moment of its progressive actualisation’. 64  •  Chapter Four of historical materialism, in Gramsci, too, economics determines politics

private hegemonic apparatuses, even before these classes have achieved state-power strictly-speaking, that is, before they become ruling classes. This is the possibility foreseen by Gramsci when he wrote, ‘a social group can, and indeed must, already exercise “leadership” [be hegemonic] before winning governmental power’.23 Within complex societies, in which the state is ‘extended’, this possibility is also a necessity, as, Gramsci continues, ‘this indeed is one of the principal conditions for

individual property, hence in a mercantile economy – that which, with Marx, we could call a ‘simple mercantile economy’, which is still precapitalist. The utopian features of this romantic anticapitalistic moment present in Rousseau do not undermine the greatness or modernity of his democratic proposal, but they do introduce into his system the limitations and ambiguities we have mentioned:8 a mercantile society such as he proposed, even if not capitalist, leads to the maintenance and ultimately

studies – of the possibility of understanding some essential features of our present time using the Gramscian concept of passive revolution. To advance my conclusion, which is merely tentative and, therefore, subject to correction, I am sceptical about this possibility. I believe that, prior to speaking of passive revolution, it would be useful to try to understand many phenomena of the neoliberal age The Neoliberal Age: Passive Revolution or Counter-Reformation?  •  157 through the concept

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