Guide to Culturally Competent Health Care

Guide to Culturally Competent Health Care

Language: English

Pages: 448

ISBN: 0803639627

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Be prepared for the culturally rich and diverse world of healthcare!

This concise, easy-to-read handbook prepares you to relate to individuals from different cultures. Use it in class and clinical now and as a reference throughout your career.

The Purnell Model is your guide as you explore 34 different cultures and the issues that you need to be sensitive to…including cultural variations regarding personal space, dietary preferences, communication, symptom management, activities of daily living, and religious and health practices.

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unpaid. No regional or national church hierarchy exists to govern internal church affairs. To maintain harmony within a group, individuals often forgo their own wishes. In addition to Sunday services, silent prayer is always observed at the beginning of a meal, and in many families, a prayer also ends the meal. • When choosing among health-care options, families usually seek counsel from religious leaders, friends, and extended family, but the final decision resides with the immediate family.

cultural beliefs and practices into health prescriptions to eliminate or mitigate health disparities and provide client satisfaction. 1 2064_Ch01_001-006.qxd 2 10/10/08 12:16 PM Page 2 Transcultural Diversity and Health Care This handbook describes the dominant cultural characteristics of selected ethnocultural groups and provides a guide for assessing cultural beliefs and practices. Practitioners who understand their clients’ cultural values, beliefs, and practices, are in a better

medications and treatments, as outlined in culturally specific chapters that follow. People from a given racial group may, but do not necessarily, share a common culture. Perhaps the most significant aspect of race is social in origin; race can either decrease or increase opportunities, depending on the environmental context. Primary and Secondary Characteristics of Culture Major influences that shape peoples’ worldview and the extent to which people identify with their cultural group of origin

People of Chinese Heritage • Drinks with dinner include tea, soft drinks, juice, and beer. Foreign-born and older people may not like ice in their drinks. Ask clients if they want ice in their drinks. • Foods that are considered yin and yang prevent sudden imbalances and indigestion. A balanced diet is considered essential for physical and emotional harmony. Provide special instructions regarding risk factors associated with diets that are high in fats and salt. • Chopsticks should never be

to provide for the education of the young, parental participation in the care of their children and grandchildren, and a strong work ethic. Promptness for social events is determined situationally. “Filipino time” means arriving much later than the scheduled appointment, which can be from one to several hours. The kinship system is extended bilineally and is reflected in the format for names, giving the child identity with both parents. Children carry the surnames of their father and their

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