History of the Hobbit

History of the Hobbit

John D. Rateliff

Language: English

Pages: 960

ISBN: 0007440820

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

In one volume for the first time, this revised and updated examination of how J.R.R.Tolkien came to write his original masterpiece 'The Hobbit' includes his complete unpublished draft version of the story, together with notes and illustrations by Tolkien himself. For the first time in one volume, The History of the Hobbit presents the complete unpublished text of the original manuscript of J.R.R.Tolkien's The Hobbit, accompanied by John Rateliff's lively and informative account of how the book came to be written and published. As well as recording the numerous changes made to the story both before and after publication, it examines - chapter-by-chapter - why those changes were made and how they reflect Tolkien's ever-growing concept of Middle-earth. The Hobbit was first published on 21 September 1937. Like its successor, The Lord of the Rings, it is a story that "grew in the telling", and many characters and story threads in the published text are completely different from what Tolkien first wrote to read aloud to his young sons as part of their "fireside reads". As well as reproducing the original version of one of literature's most famous stories, both on its own merits and as the foundation for The Lord of the Rings, this new book includes many little-known illustrations and previously unpublished maps for The Hobbit by Tolkien himself. Also featured are extensive annotations and commentaries on the date of composition, how Tolkien's professional and early mythological writings influenced the story, the imaginary geography he created, and how Tolkien came to revise the book years after publication to accommodate events in The Lord of the Rings. Like Christopher Tolkien's The History of The Lord of the Rings before it, this is a thoughtful yet exhaustive examination of one of the most treasured stories in English literature. Long overdue for a classic book now celebrating 75 years in print, this companion edition offers fascinating new insights for those who have grown up with this enchanting tale, and will delight those who are about to enter Bilbo's round door for the first time.

This Location of Unknown Possibilities

My Education: A Book of Dreams (Penguin Modern Classics)

If on a Winter's Night a Traveler

Not Quite Nice

The Summer Guest

The Unvanquished: The Corrected Text



















borderland: a solid familiarity with early recorded history and a matching interest in unrecorded prehistory as well. By the same token, anyone who like Tolkien sets out to write ‘feigned history’ must be well acquainted with the real thing if his pseudohistory is to be plausible and persuasive. A good example can be found in the frame story for The Book of Lost Tales, the Eriol legend, set in the murky period just before the Jutes (closely followed by the Angles and the Saxons) invaded Britain

which a long road wound down [added: the stones], ruinous but still to be seen. On his right the clifflike bank of the Running River rose in the distance from which he and Balin had gazed. It was that he realized how hot the dragon’s lair had been;TN24 and that smokes and vapours were drifting out of the Gate head and up into the morning air – which struck him now keen and piercing chilly. ‘What are all those birds doing I wonder?’ he said to Thorin, pointing up to

Hobbit for Sauron as the Ring-lord: ‘even the Master who ruled them’. See also Text Note 12 above. 45 The typescript elaborates this slightly: ‘like an echo of Gollum’s misery’. This is the only time within The Hobbit, even the second edition text, where Bilbo’s being in danger of succumbing to the ‘Ring-sickness’, if we may so call it, is hinted at; everywhere else within the story it remains just a magic ring with no sinister connotations. 46 The text being replaced here read, in the first

‘Story of the Nauglafring or the Necklace of the Dwarves’ mentions how Linwë/Tinwelint, the figure who became Thingol Greycloak in later versions of the story, took a golden hoard ‘and he had a great necklace made by certain Úvanimor (Nautar or Nauglath)’ – i.e., dwarves (BLT II.136). Similarly, an outline for ‘Gilfanon’s Tale’ tells how Úvanimor (goblins and dwarves) fought together under the command of Melko’s servant, variously called Fangli, Fankil, and Fúkil, against men and elves at the

picnic meals. These weren’t quite as often as Bilbo was used to, but still he began to feel that he was enjoying himself. Things went on like this for quite a long while. There was a good deal of wide respectable country to pass through inhabited by decent respectable folk, men or hobbits, or elves, or what not, with good roads, an inn or two, and every now and then a dwarf or a tinker or a farmer ambling by on business. But after a time they came to places where people spoke strangely and sang

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