J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia: Scholarship and Critical Assessment
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
A detailed work of reference and scholarship, this one volume Encyclopedia includes discussions of all the fundamental issues in Tolkien scholarship written by the leading scholars in the field.
Coverage not only presents the most recent scholarship on J. R. R. Tolkien, but also introduces and explores the author and scholar's life and work within their historical and cultural contexts. Tolkien's fiction and his sources of influence are examined along with his artistic and academic achievements- including his translations of medieval texts- teaching posts, linguistic works, and the languages he created. The 550 alphabetically arranged entries fall within the following categories of topics: adaptations; art and illustrations; characters in Tolkien's work; critical history and scholarship; influence of Tolkien; languages; biography; literary sources; literature; creatures and peoples of Middle-earth; objects in Tolkien's work; places in Tolkien's work; reception of Tolkien; medieval scholars; scholarship by Tolkien; medieval literature; stylistic elements; themes in Tolkien's works; Theological/ philosophical concepts and philosophers; Tolkien's contemporary history and culture; works of literature.
year in South Africa, and in April 1895 Mabel Tolkien took John Ronald and Hilary, aged three and one, to England, where they stayed with her family. ‘‘Years later, Ronald described to us [his wife and children] the powerful sense he had during the preparations for that voyage of the weight of emotion between his parents at their coming separation. He retained an image of extraordinary clarity of his father painting A.R. Tolkien on their cabin trunk, an item that Ronald kept and treasured in
great-grandson Edgar (959–75) contributed to further accommodations between the English and the Danish portions of his kingdom, and (following a period of political turbulence) England was finally united for the first time under the rule of a single king, Cnut (1016– 35)—a Dane. Although foreign influence from other Scandinavian sources, including Norway and Viking strongholds in Ireland, played a role, particularly in the northwest, in the Danelaw and post-Danelaw period of the late ninth to the
article). Excerpted in the appendices to The Book of Lost Tales. Published in full in PE 12 (1998), incorporating in the editorial notes a second, later (ca. 1917), selective word-list called ‘‘The Poetic and Mythologic Words of Eldarissa.’’ 1915–16—Narqelion (‘‘Autumn’’). An untranslated Qenya poem of twenty lines on the theme of autumn. Published in facsimile with analysis in VT 40 (April 1999). ca. 1916–20—Various fragmentary charts of ‘‘Early Qenya Pronouns.’’ Published in PE 15 (2004). ca.
whose political views were so far from his and whose love and lament for England were so close. His views on the destruction of Sarehole and the English countryside in general are well known, and Sandyman’s new mill brings that view into The Lord of the Rings. But it is important to remember that his views were learned from experience, though on the base of a recollection of childhood idylls. He was a child of the Edwardian Age—when he went back many years later to an alumni reunion at his
establishes an intimate understanding of her power, the motives behind her interactions with other beings, and her internal state of awareness. Huan was a hound of Valinor who, in The Silmarillion, was given to Fe¨anor’s son Celegorm by the Vala Orome¨. He became involved in the story of Beren and Lu´thien and is shown as capable of higher emotions such as love for Lu´thien (vs. loyalty), as able to plan and give advice, and as able to make certain kinds of moral determinations (he voluntarily