One Palestine, Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the British Mandate

One Palestine, Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the British Mandate

Tom Segev

Language: English

Pages: 640

ISBN: 0805065873

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


One Palestine, Complete explores the tumultuous period before the creation of the state of Israel. This was the time of the British Mandate, when Britain's promise to both Jews and Arabs that they would inherit the land, set in motion the conflict that haunts the region to this day.

Drawing on untapped archival materials, Tom Segev reconstructs an era (1917 to 1948) of limitless possibilities and tragic missteps. He introduces an array unforgettable characters, tracks the steady advance of Jews and Arabs toward confrontation, and puts forth a radical new argument: that the British, far from being pro-Arab, consistently favored the Zionist position, out of the mistaken--and anti-Semitic--belief that Jews turned the wheels of history. Rich in historical detail, sensitive to all perspectives, One Palestine, Complete brilliantly depicts the decline of an empire, the birth of one nation, and the tragedy of another.

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1925, two institutes had been established, one for chemistry and the other for Jewish studies. There was also a department of microbiology, a library, and a faculty consisting of seven professors and another thirty or so instructors. Judah Leib Magnes, the university’s chancellor, was a Reform rabbi born in Oakland, California; his German-speaking parents had gone to the United States from Poland. Magnes had studied in Berlin and Heidelberg before he settled in New York. A prominent opponent of

which led to interest in a few hundred Bedouin living in Baghdad who claimed to be of Jewish extraction. One prominent Zionist, Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, located a Bedouin tribe in the Galilee that wanted to convert to Judaism, and he urged Colonel Kisch to handle the matter. Kisch applied to the chief rabbinate. Previously, Jewish laborers had been imported from Yemen. The Yemenites received higher wages than the Arabs, but lower than European Jews. The justification was that they had fewer needs.45

Military Engagement in Palestine During the First World War,” p. 125. 44. Smilansky, Memoirs, vol. X, p. 222. 45. Ballobar diary, 16 Feb. 1917. With the kind permission of his daughter. 46. HaHerut, 7 Mar. 1917, pp. 1, 3; HaHerut, 23 Mar. 1917, p. 1. G. Karsel, The History of the Hebrew Press in Israel (in Hebrew) (Tel Aviv: HaSifriya HaTsionit, 1965), p. 135. 47. Ballobar diary, 11 June 1917. With the kind permission of his daughter. 48. Sakakini diary, 17 Nov. 1917. With the kind

vol. VI, pp. 209, 233, 228. 84. Ben-Gurion, Memoirs, vol. I, pp. 672, 132. 85. Report of the Immigration Department of the Jewish Agency 1937–39, CZA S6/923. Immigration of Unfit People, CZA S7/563. Instructions on Choosing Children, 26 Oct. 1939, CZA S6/3340. 86. CZA S25/5900; CZA S6/47009. 87. “Repatriation of Chronic and Incurable Cases,” National Council of the Jewish Community of Palestine, Bulletin on Social Welfare in Palestine, vol. II, no. 3–4 (Dec-Jan. 1937), p. 54. 88. Sharett,

“West.” His attempts to bridge the two cultures produced, among other things, a long ballad telling the story of Snow White as a desert legend: “In the name of Allah and Mohammed! / From the heavens is known to me Snow White, who is called Taljia,” Levine wrote, his narrator being an Arab prince, a sheikh of the mountains.46 Levine also marveled at the Arabs’ religious piety. He described the devotions of the Muslim prisoners, the clanking of their leg irons blending with the ululation of their

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