Redeemers: Ideas and Power in Latin America
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Inhis first book to appear in English since Mexico: Biography in Power, awork which the Wall Street Journal calls “the standard history ofpostcolonial Mexico,” prize-winning author Enrique Krauzeilluminates the evolution of political, social, and philosophical discourses inLatin America. With echoes of Richard Hofstadter and Edmund Wilson, Krauze explores the Latin American intellectual traditionby deftly animating its decisive figures, from Octavio Paz to Che Guevara, José Vasconcelos toHugo Chávez, and inscribing them upon a vivid landscape of patriotism,opportunism, morality, and avarice—and of love, honor, loyalty, and identity. Redeemersdelivers an unparalleled explication of the roots of ideology and action inLatin America today.
collected around her. Endless articles, newspaper stories, factual revelations, and books would be written. Documentaries and fiction films would be produced. She would be both venerated and despised: the Great Saint, the Great Whore. III What were the wellsprings of her oceanic ambition? The first ingredient was certainly her position as not only an illegitimate child but (culturally even worse) the product of an adulterous relationship. Juan Duarte, Evita’s father, was a man of the
less than the delivery of the treasure of the Nazis to safekeeping in Argentina. The action took place around the time of the collapse of Nazi Germany in 1945. Two German submarines deposited their cargo on the docks of La Plata. There are at least two precise documentations of the contents. The lists coincide: tens of millions of dollars in various currencies, 2,511 kilograms of gold, 4,638 karats of diamonds, and a river of jewels, works of art, and precious objects stolen from the Jews of
border state of Coahuila in the north, Bishop Ruiz met a group of young militants who called themselves ideological “maoists,” having been influenced by the Chinese Marxist belief in the importance of organizing the peasantry (but not a commitment to armed revolution). Their leader was Adolfo Orive, a left-wing economist who had spent time in China. His organization, Política Popular, advocated the transformation of social relations rather than armed struggle. These young militants were
magic, inexplicable act: our creative act, engaged and secret.” Quintero Álvarez’s article appeared in El Popular, the newspaper that had just been founded by the foremost leader of the workers of Mexico, Vicente Lombardo Toledano. A Catholic in the 1920s, a convert to Marxism in the 1930s, Lombardo had traveled to the Soviet Union in 1936, published a book called Voyage to the World of the Future (Viaje al mundo del porvenir), and founded his newspaper with a group of young disciples. Though
to Roberto Fernández Retamar, he expressed his “great desire to go to Cuba to see its new face as well as its old one, its ocean and its people, its poets and its trees.” But he soon lost this desire, as shown by his words in a letter to José Bianco (whose support for the Cuban Revolution would lead to his leaving Sur) dated May 26, 1961, after the failed CIA-sponsored invasion at the Bay of Pigs: Although I understand your enthusiasm (and I almost envy it) I do not entirely share it. I do not