Research for Evidence-Based Practice in Healthcare
Robert Newell, Philip Burnard
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This is an essential, accessible introduction to the practicalities of research and evidence-based practice aimed at all pre-registration nursing and healthcare students. It places research and evidence in the context of clinical practice, introduces the main methodological approaches in qualitative and quantitative research, and describes the processes of research appraisal, dissemination and implementation.
The new edition of Research for Evidence-Based Practice in Healthcare has been updated to include information for a broader health care audience. It engages students with the research and evidence agenda, demonstrates the relevance of research and evidence to nursing practice, and provides the skills needed to explore these areas in greater detail.
· A practical guide to research methods and evidence-based practice
· New edition of a successful student textbook
· Includes a glossary of common research terms
· Provides case studies, key points, further reading, and activities throughout
· Accompanying website with links to further reading
population validity population positive correlation postal surveys power calculation pragmatic approach to schematic content analysis. See under qualitative data analysis pragmatic trials (in RCT) precision. See specificity predictor variables prelims (of report) Primary Care Trusts probability sampling score publication bias published work publishing of research findings punctuation, use of purposive sampling Q qualitative data analysis content analysis extended (collapsed)
Clinical Nursing Research Studies. London: Routledge. Website http://www.fortunecity.com/greenfield/grizzly/432/rra2.htm 4 Searching the Literature Key points Literature searches are done primarily to ensure awareness of a field of research. Systematic reviews examine the literature using systematised and transparent criteria. A search strategy consists of the research question, its components, sources of information, search terms, retrieval and inclusion criteria and available
likelihood of finding relevant material and minimise the chances of being snowed under by references which are irrelevant. Systematic reviews A systematic review is a process of identifying the aim of a literature review, then carrying out the search and appraisal of that literature according to set, transparent criteria which are auditable and repeatable by others. Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) definition of a systematic review The systematic review is a ‘scientific tool
such a situation, the weaknesses of a convenience sample would be trivial compared with the great advantage of availability. Where the phenomena we want to study are fairly common, then, a convenience approach has a lot to recommend it. However, the more unusual the phenomenon, the more likely it is that we will want to turn to purposive sampling as a way of recruiting people with relevant information. In purposive sampling, the researcher sets out a specific set of criteria according to which
Theory, Research and Method. London: Prentice Hall. Mays, N. (ed.) (1995) Qualitative Research in Health Care. London: BMJ Books. Moustakas, C.E. (1994) Phenomenological Research Methods. London: Sage. Paley, J. (1998) Misinterpretive phenomenology: Heidegger, ontology and nursing research. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 27(4), 817–824. 11 A Pragmatic Approach to Qualitative Data Analysis Key points Content analysis refers to the organising and ordering of textual material.