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First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
much as 200m across where it flowed into the Thames, shows it to have been a complex area of quays and jetties. Excavations on the east side of the Walbrook, beneath Cannon Street station, have uncovered parts of northsouth aligned revetments some 50m upstream (M.Burch and J.Hill, personal communication; see also DUA 1987, 207 for equivalent revetments on the west side of the Walbrook). This area may have seen some of the earliest and latest Roman waterfront activity and was perhaps one of the
late in the third century. The arch, at least 8m high, c. 7.5m wide and c. 1.15m deep, could have been part of a free-standing monument or a gateway through a precinct wall (Fig. 41). The sides of the arch were flanked by standing divinities; parts of Minerva and Hercules had survived. A frieze above the arch was partly filled by busts of gods, perhaps including the days of the week, and may also have contained an inscription, although this had not survived. The spandrels were filled by sea
Rhine mouth. Some may have been imported to meet the demands of the wealthy urban population although it is also possible that some official supply lines were directed through London in this period. The early third-century waterfront seems likely to have extended from Billingsgate in the east to Queenhithe in the west, a length of about 640m. FIG. 43 Part of the collection of unused Samian found in the construction dumps associated with the third-century quays excavated at New Fresh Wharf. 98
and enclosures, 8–10, 17, 69, 79, 130 Finsbury Circus, 68, 70, 121 fires, Boudiccan, x, 8, 10, 16, 19, 22 early Flavian, 10, 72 late Flavian, 72 Hadrianic, 72–4, 77 Antonine, 88 2nd century (in forum), 81 3rd century, 109 4th century, 118 fish sauce (garum), 50, 85 Fish Street Hill, 130 Nos 37–40, 26, 28 Fishbourne (Sussex), 18 Fleet, river, 1, 17, 81, 92, 107 food and diet, 47, 50 see also cereal grain, olive oil, fish sauce, wine forts, Aldgate, 8–10 Claudian, 3, 8, 16, 17 Cripplegate, 39, 40,
Martin-leGrand; and the fourth was in the area of Billiter Street close to the Colchester Road (Shepherd forthcoming; Marsden 1980, 24). All are likely to have been small nucleated cemeteries behind house-plots along the main roads out of town, a pattern typical of roadside settlements (Smith 1987, 115–18). Only the cemetery at Warwick Square has been studied in any detail and this contained some very high-quality burials indeed. These included a variety of ceramic, glass and lead cinerary urns,