Routledge Handbook of Motor Control and Motor Learning (Routledge International Handbooks)
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The Routledge Handbook of Motor Control and Motor Learning is the first book to offer a comprehensive survey of neurophysiological, behavioural and biomechanical aspects of motor function. Adopting an integrative approach, it examines the full range of key topics in contemporary human movement studies, explaining motor behaviour in depth from the molecular level to behavioural consequences.
The book contains contributions from many of the world´s leading experts in motor control and motor learning, and is composed of five thematic parts:
- Theories and models
- Basic aspects of motor control and learning
- Motor control and learning in locomotion and posture
- Motor control and learning in voluntary actions
- Challenges in motor control and learning
Mastering and improving motor control may be important in sports, but it becomes even more relevant in rehabilitation and clinical settings, where the prime aim is to regain motor function. Therefore the book addresses not only basic and theoretical aspects of motor control and learning but also applied areas like robotics, modelling and complex human movements. This book is both a definitive subject guide and an important contribution to the contemporary research agenda. It is therefore important reading for students, scholars and researchers working in sports and exercise science, kinesiology, physical therapy, medicine and neuroscience.
at the thalamic level is actually consistent with tract-tracing experiments demonstrating the existence of a rapid trans-thalamic route to transfer rapidly information between remote cortical areas underlying the processing of different modalities, associated ultimately with privileged and fast access from the thalamus to motor cortical areas, such as PM, again bypassing long and slow cortico- cortical routes involving high level associative cortical areas (e.g. prefrontal cortex) before access
interfaces rarely matches the speed and accuracy of natural limb movements. Their practical utility therefore depends critically on the extent to which patients can learn new motor strategies appropriate for these devices. Studying how the brain acquires control over a new motor pathway provides a unique window onto the mechanisms of motor learning. Experimental myoelectric and neural interfaces can create simpliﬁed sensorimotor worlds in which the map from motor commands to effectors can be
reward-related inputs. This extrinsic mechanism of reinforcement would have the potential to maximize future reward acquisition. novel actions. The products of this mechanism would be an expanding library of action– outcome associations (behavioral options), stored in external structures that would be available for re-use whenever appropriate (Singh et al., 2005). Now, the problem for the agent is how to exploit this knowledge so that, in the future, the items it selects from the library will
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estimate. As an example, seeing and hearing an approaching train is better with regards to its location and speed than just seeing or hearing it. In addition to these two types of feedback through which we continuously monitor ourselves and the surrounding world there is a speciﬁc type of feedback, called extrinsic feedback or augmented feedback (c) (see Figure 7.2 ). This type of feedback informs us how we interacted with the external world and it is therefore particularly relevant in all motor