Set Lighting Technician's Handbook: Film Lighting Equipment, Practice, and Electrical Distribution
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Comprehensive. Detailed. Practical. Set Lighting Technician's Handbook, Fourth Edition, is a friendly, hands-on manual covering the day-to-day practices, equipment, and tricks of the trade essential to anyone doing motion picture lighting, including the lamp operator, rigging crew, gaffer, best boy, or director of photography. This handbook offers a wealth of practical technical information, useful techniques, as well as aesthetic discussions.
The Set Lighting Technician's Handbook focuses on what is important when working on-set: trouble-shooting, teamwork, set protocol, and safety. It describes tricks and techniques for operating a vast array of lighting equipment including LEDs, xenons, camera synchronous strobes, black lights, underwater units, lighting effects units, and many others. Since its first edition, this handy on-set reference continues to be widely adopted as a training and reference manual by union training programs as well as top university film production programs.
New to the fourth edition:
* More coverage of the aesthetics of lighting
* Detailed information on LED technology and gear
* Material is harmonized with industry safety and skills training curriculum
* More coverage than ever before about setting up and running DMX512 networks and DMX512 enabled devices, including wireless DMX512 networks
* Completely revised and updated sections of HMIs, tungsten light fixtures, and fluorescent technologies
* Additional information on dealing with current harmonics, working with portable generators.
* New section on using 480V power
* In addition to previsualization software, new material provides a primer on creating professional light plots and using computer aided design software
* New additions to the arsenal of electrical distribution equipment that make our sets safer and easier to power
* More rigging tricks and techniques
* Written in the same friendly, easy-to-read style that has made this book so popular
* Companion Web site contains exclusive articles written by the author, illustrations, and an indispensable resource center with key industry links. Please visit
lift (such as a telescoping boom arm lift, common used as a lighting platform what lighting large areas) without exceeding the basket’s weight limitations. This is equivalent to a 48-light Dino, but drawing 300 amps instead of 400 amps. Five different spreader lenses are available: very narrow spot, narrow spot, medium flood, wide flood, and very wide flood. A dichroic glass filter is also available, which gives the option for tungsten or daylight color balance with a single light. A special
deep shadows to appear. A high key/fill ratio gives the sense of night or darkness in the room, especially if the scene is lit with edge and side light. This kind of look is termed low key. Most DPs fill by eye rather than by using a meter. It may be helpful to turn the fill light off and on to judge its effect. Judging fill light takes some experience and familiarity with the characteristics of the film stock. Of course, when shooting in High Definition (HD) video the DP typically has a high
actor facing the camera, but without it, the picture can look incomplete when reverse close-ups are edited together. Note also that in this case the liner is cheated around to the non-key side. Lighting the space and the background 107 LIGHTING THE SPACE AND THE BACKGROUND In addition to lighting the acting positions, we want to consider the lighting in the overall composition: the furniture and surfaces, the walls and architecture, the wall art and set dressing, and the exterior visible
dim a bulb that do not alter the color temperature. Spraying the bulb with a light speckle of black streaks and tips is a fast way to reduce the bulb’s intensity. (Don’t spray a hot bulb; it will burst.) Sometimes you want to reduce brightness in only one direction. This can be done by spraying one side and not the other. Holding a lighter close to the bulb and letting the carbon Practicals 161 build up on the bulb is another good way to dim it. The carbon wipes off more easily than streaks
in the mountains of Mexico). Although the 30-V NiCad belt batteries are supposed to last as long as an hour, rented batteries rarely keep the light going for more than 20-25 min. Lithium-ion batteries have greater amp-hour capacity and charge quickly. When battery-powered lights are to be relied on over the course of a whole scene or a whole day, it is necessary to have many batteries on hand. See Chapter 16 for more details about using batteries to power lights. Metal halide arc lights: “HMI”