Stalin As Revolutionary, 1879-1929: A Study in History and Personality (Vol. 1)

Stalin As Revolutionary, 1879-1929: A Study in History and Personality (Vol. 1)

Robert C. Tucker

Language: English

Pages: 544

ISBN: 0393007383

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

“Tucker has achieved a real break-through . . . his analysis throws a flood of light into previously obscure corners. . . . Tucker with his analysis of Stalin’s personality structure has opened up an enormously promising vein of research,” ―Robert M. Slusser, American Historical Review

“This towering figure of the twentieth century has hitherto lacked a successful and full-scale biography. The publication of this first volume of a projected trilogy by Robert Tucker marks the beginning of the end of this situation.” ―Robert H. McNeal, Russian Review

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created mass misery in the new industrial centers. The socialist doctrines that ap­ peared in the first half of the nineteenth century, Marxism included, were gospels of radical change addressed to the alleviation of this misery. Friedrich Engels himself was one of the first to point out the resemblance between this historical situation and that in which Christianity arose. Observing that both Christianity and modem working-class socialism originated as movements of oppressed peo­ ple, he noted :

inspector Germogen, reads : Djugashvili, it transpired, has a card for the "Cheap Library" and is checking books out. Today I confiscated from him V. Hugo's Toilers of the Sea, in which I found the aforementioned card. Punish by lengthy confinement in the cell-I had already issued him a warning in connection with the outside book Ninety-Three by V. Hugo. A subsequent entry (for March I 897) records that Djugashvili was apprehended for the thirteenth time reading books from the Cheap Library. On

gramophonic exactitude." And further ( p. 23 5 ) : "Stalin, I would say, was better than Shaumian i n copying Lenin and repeating his thoughts." , STALIN AS REVOLUTIONARY sion, skilled in the arts of concealment and conspiracy, steeled to sacrifice and hardship. Why not, then, carve out a plac�. of eminence alongside that of the mountain eagle? Why not become Lenin's partner, his right-hand man, his alter ego, Lenin II? We have no way of knowing whether Djugashvili framed his thoughts in just

him to settle in Achinsk, a small town on the Trans-Siberian railway line, for the remainder of the time. Among the exiles then living in Achinsk were Lev Kamenev and his wife, Olga ( Trotsky's sister) , and Stalin was a regular guest at their home in the evenings. According to the recollection of one who saw him there on occa­ sion, and subsequently emigrated from Russia, "Osip"-as Stalin was still called in Achinsk-would take little part in the conversa­ tion, and when he did Kamenev would cut

peo­ ple in the process of building a socialist society was objectionable. A dictatorship of the revolutionary party was unnecessary and un­ desirable; the workers would not want to exchange one form of tu­ telage for another, and would no longer need "tutors" by the time of their future graduation from the historical school of revolution­ ary political self-education. Meanwhile, a premature capture of power by an organization like the People's Will, even supposing it to be feasible, would either

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