The 100 Most Influential Musicians of All Time (The Britannica Guide to the World's Most Influential People)

The 100 Most Influential Musicians of All Time (The Britannica Guide to the World's Most Influential People)

Language: English

Pages: 361

ISBN: 1615300066

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


ISBN-13: 9781615300068
Publisher: Britannica Educational Publishing
Publication date: 12/20/2009
Series: The Britannica Guide to the World's Most Influential People
Pages: 361
Age range: 14 - 17 Years
Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

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1801. An extended poem, The Seasons, by James Thomson, was chosen as the basis for the (much shorter) libretto, again adapted and translated by van Swieten so as to enable performance in either German or English. The oratorio 42 7 Joseph Haydn 7 achieved much success, both at the Austrian court and in public performances (although not in London). Haydn’s late creative output included six masses written for his patron Miklós II. He also continued to compose string quartets, notably the six

mother was seriously ill, and on July 3 she died. Soon after, Leopold negotiated a better post for Mozart in Salzburg, where he would be court organist and still nominally Konzertmeister, and Mozart reluctantly returned home in mid-January 1780. Salzburg and Munich Much of Mozart’s work after his return displayed his command of international styles, notably the symphonies K 318 in G Major and K 338 in C Major, as well as in the sinfonia concertante for violin and viola K 364. Also during this

junge Siegfried (Young Siegfried ), later called simply Siegfried; and Siegfrieds Tod (Siegfried’s Death), later called Götterdämmerung (The Twilight of the Gods). The Ring reveals Wagner’s mature style and method, to which he had found his way at last during the period when his thought was devoted to social questions. He prophesied the disappearance of opera as artificial entertainment for an elite and the emergence of a new kind of musical stage work for the people, expressing the

but the embittered Schoenberg could no longer appreciate or acknowledge their response. In 1911, unable to make a decent living in Vienna, he had moved to Berlin. He remained there until 1915, when, because of wartime emergency, he had to report to Vienna for military service. He spent brief periods in the Austrian Army in 1916 and 1917, until he was finally discharged on medical grounds. During the war years he did little composing, partly because of the demands of army service and partly

composing-arranging partner. Not limiting himself to jazz innovation, Ellington also wrote such great popular songs as “Sophisticated Lady,” 171 7 The 100 Most Influential Musicians of All Time 7 This 1958 photo catches the legendary big band leader and jazz pianist, Duke Ellington, adjusting his bow tie, probably before a show. Getty Images/ Evening Standard “Rocks in My Bed,” and “Satin Doll.” In other songs, such as “Don’t Get Around Much Any More,” “Prelude to a Kiss,” and “I Let a Song

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