The Naxalite Movement in India
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The Naxilite movement is one of the important components in the political spectrum in India. At one stage, the 'spring thunder' caused tremors in practically all the states of the Union and posed a serious challenge even to the democratic structure. The Idealists saw in it the beginning of a new world, a new socio-economic order. But soon sordid politics took over. The movement, however continues to have a large support base because of the intellectual appeal of its ideology. It has survived more than a quarter century of onslaught by the security forces - without any external support, unlike the Punjab terrorism and Kashmir militancy. The Movement has developed an inherent strength. The present book is the only one of its kind. It covers all the important developments from the inception of the Movement in 1967 to the present day in historical sweep.
worked as farm servants, some as daily wage earners while some took plots of land on lease. The landlords squeezed them to the utmost and paid subsistence wages (five puttis per year, one putti being about 55 kgs) to the farm servants and less than half a rupee per day to the daily wage earner. Those cultivating on lease had to give two-thirds of their produce to the landlord. Their plight was indeed miserable. It was against this background that Vempatapu Satyanarayana organised the Girijans
the formation of the People's Liberation Army. "In this excellent revolutionary situation the Indian People's Liberation Army has been founded. It is out of the many guerilla squads of landless and poor peasants who have been waging revolutionary armed struggle in various parts of West Bengal under the leadership of Charu Mazumdar and the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) that the People's Liberation Army has emerged... The capture of rifles and bullets from an armed police camp at
(MPP) presidents were also kidnapped. The elected representatives of the Telugu Desam were particularly targeted. The gunning down of Daggupati Chenchuramaiah, father of Venkateswara Rao, former minister and son-in-law of former chief minister N.T. Rama Rao, in a village in Prakasam district stunned the Telugu Desam Party. There was a time when most of the MPP presidents, MLAs and MPs of Adilabad, Karimnagar and Warangal districts migrated from their native villages to the cities or started
of misgovernance in the country, Bihar has been a hotbed of Naxal activities. The Maoist Communist Centre's call for boycotting the 1995 assembly elections helped Laloo Prasad Yadav win from several constituencies in South Bihar. Laloo Yadav reportedly shared the dais with MCC leaders, several of whom were Yadavs, at quite a few places. Meanwhile, the Liberation Group fanned out in North Bihar, where it was confronted by the notorious member of parliament,' Shahabuddin, who came down heavily on
and countrymade arms8. The Naxalites have been able to build this arsenal by. looting weapons from police stations and landlords purchasing them from arms smugglers and gunrunners acquiring them from other insurgent groups like the LTTE, and getting weapons and explosives from Nepal Instances of attacks on police stations have already been mentioned. In these incidents, the Naxalites always made it a point to take away whatever weapons and ammunition they could lay their hands on. The