The New Encyclopedia of Modern Sewing

The New Encyclopedia of Modern Sewing

Language: English

Pages: 320


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

320 pages fully illustrated with hundreds of diagrams, sketches and photographs: simple instructions for all dressmaking; sewing for babies and children; easy directions for making accessories, gifts and things for the home; conservation hints; complete fabric guide; New practical ideas by the hundreds.

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design that is used in the organ- die apron and can be made from the same directions. The potholders button on and have an extra flap added for a pocket. SEW A STRAIGHT SEAM Pot Holder Apron Unbleached Muslin Apron SEW A STRAIGHT SEAM [57] Mother and Daughter Aprons Size 14 and Size 8 Picture and patterns, pages 58 and 59 Materials: Plain fabric (linen like rayon) — (mother) % yd.; (daughter) Vz yd. . . . Flowered Chintz—(mother) % yd.; (daughter) % yd Percale bias trim,

cutting a piece of fabric long enough to go across the length of the board and around the corners to the window frame. Make it about 11" wide to allow for seams. Cut the lining the same size, pin and baste the two fabrics right sides together and mark the center on the width. Make a cardboard pat- tern for scallop 7" wide and about 2" deep. Working from the center, mark scallops along one edge of val- ance by drawing around the pattern. Stitch around scallop markings and along two short

the length of the fabric (figure 5). Notice also that the fabric has lengthwise or warp threads and crosswise or filling threads. It would be impossible to overemphasize the importance of knowing about these threads. When sewing, everything must be cut in relation to them. Other expressions often used are "the lengthwise grain," "the crosswise grain," "on the grain," "the straight of the goods." Anything which is not cut in proper relation to the grain will not hang or lie properly.

Baste close to fold. Press on the wrong side and trim to desired width, using a gauge (see figure 46). Figure 46—This hem gauge is an in- valuable aid in marking a hem. It is made available by the publishers of The New Encyclopedia of Modern Sewing as a supplement to this book. To use, place lower edge of gauge against fold of hem. Set the handy movable indicator at the correct meas- urement for a hem, usually about 2". Mark the fabric with chalk in line with the pointer as shown.

selvage edge of the fabric is always straight, and before trying to find the true bias, the cross- wise edge should be straightened (see figure 6, page 32). Fold one corner of _________________ the fabric so that the selvage edge (or a lengthwise thread) lies along a cross- wise thread. A right angle is formed by the selvage. The long side (fold) of the triangle is the true bias. Fabric cut on the true bias can be curved or fitted more easily than pieces cut on the straight thread. For

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