The Prince (Dover Thrift Editions)

The Prince (Dover Thrift Editions)

Niccolò Machiavelli

Language: English

Pages: 80

ISBN: 0486272745

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

As a young Florentine envoy to the courts of France and the Italian principalities, Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527) was able to observe firsthand the lives of people strongly united under one powerful ruler. His fascination with that political rarity and his intense desire to see the Medici family assume a similar role in Italy provided the foundation for his "primer for princes." In this classic guide to acquiring and maintaining political power, Machiavelli used a rational approach to advise prospective rulers, developing logical arguments and alternatives for a number of potential problems, among them governing hereditary monarchies, dealing with colonies and the treatment of conquered peoples. Refreshing in its directness, yet often disturbing in its cold practicality, The Prince sets down a frighteningly pragmatic formula for political fortune. Starkly relevant to the political upheavals of the 20th century, this calculating prescription for power remains today, nearly 500 years after it was written, a timely and startling lesson in the practice of autocratic rule that continues to be much read and studied by students, scholars and general readers as well.


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this, since the ruin of Italy is now caused by nothing else but through her having relied for many years on mercenary arms. These were somewhat improved in a few cases, and appeared courageous among themselves, but when the foreigner came they showed their worthlessness. Thus it came about that King Charles of France was allowed to take Italy without the slightest trouble, and those who said that it was owing to our sins, spoke the truth, but it was not the sins that they believed but those

compelled, if he wishes to maintain his name for liberality, to impose heavy charges on his people, liberal become an extortioner, and do everything possible This will make his subjects begin to obtain money. to hate him, and he will be little esteemed being poor, so that having by this liberality injured many and benefited but few, he will feel the first little disturbance and be endangered by every accident. If he recognises: this and wishes to change his system, he incurs at once the charge

humanity and magnificence, always holding firm, however", the majesty of his dignity, which must never be allowed to fad in anything whatever. ; CHAPTER XXII OP THE SECRETARIES OP PRINCES THE choice of a prince's ministers is a matter of no importance ; they are either good or not according to the prudence of the prince. The first impression that one gets of a ruler and of his brains is from seeing the men that he has about him. When they are competent and faithful one can always consider

disorders of others ; but having once conquered him, and beaten him in battle so that he can no longer raise armies, nothing else is to be feared except the family of the prince, and if this is extinguished, there is no longer any one to be feared, the others having no credit with the people ; and as the victor before the victory could place no hope in them, so he need not The contrary is the case in fear them afterwards. kingdoms governed like that of France, because it is easy to enter them by

. 60 . 62 AVTiat the duties of a regard to the Militia 15. Of 16. Of Liberality and Niggardliness Of Cruelty and Clemency, and whether 17. 53 the things for which Men, and especially Princes, are praised or blamed 14. Prince are with . is better to be loved or feared . it . In what way Princes must keep faith 19. That we must avoid being despised and hated 18. 20. . 69 72 Whether Fortresses and other things which Princes often make are useful or 83 injurious How a

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