The Suez Crisis 1956 (Essential Histories)

The Suez Crisis 1956 (Essential Histories)

Derek Varble

Language: English

Pages: 96

ISBN: 1841764183

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

In July 1956 Egyptian President Gamal Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal, causing immediate concern to Britain and France. They already opposed Nasser and were worried at the threat to maritime traffic in the Canal. This book traces the course of subsequent events. Together with Israel, Britain and France hatched a plot to occupy the Canal Zone and overthrow Nasser. Israel attacked Sinai, and Britain and France launched offensives throughout Egypt, but strategic failures overshasdowed tactical success. Finally, Britain, France and Israel bowed to international pressure and withdrew, leaving the Suez Canal, and Egypt, firmly in the hands of President Nasser.

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resisting Israel's attack. Sharon pushed 29 onwards, hoping to keep to his schedule. He ordered all functional vehicles to attack Themed, 30 miles southwest. Slower units could catch up when possible. Sharon's obsession with speed during darkness was due to two factors. Egyptian military pilots, preferring visual flight rules to instrument navigation, posed little danger at night. Moreover, Sharon hoped to reach the 1st Battalion before Egypt reinforced Mitla Pass. Early Israeli action on the

Sharon wanted better terrain. Recent aerial reconnaissance indicating no enemy movement in Heitan Defile provided an additional incentive for capturing higher ground. Aside from these considerations, however, Sharon misunderstood Dayan's broader framework, which never envisaged Sharon striking west towards the Canal. A common criticism of Sharon is that he suffers from strategic myopia, and this condition apparently prevailed on 31 October. His decision to advance into Heitan Defile caused

initially hoped to maintain this occupation as a bargaining chip in negotiating the Canal's future. But world events undercut their plan. Heavy American political and economic pressure against both countries, targeting in particular Britain's French paratroops who had attacked Port Said on 5th November withdraw from Egypt, December 1956. (Topham Picturepoint) financial weakness, was particularly telling. In Britain, currency reserves plummeted during early November, accelerating a trend that

(l)THE RED ARMY 1855326213 MAA 300 FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION SINCE 1945 1855326566 MAA 305 THE RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR (2) WHITE ARMIES 1855326655 MAA 306 CHINESE CIVIL WAR ARMIES 1911-49 1855326922 MAA 309 THE ITALIAN INVASION OF ABYSSINIA 1935-36 1855326582 MAA 312 THE ALGERIAN WAR 1954-62 1855327899 MAA 322 THE FRENCH INDOCHINA WAR 1946-54 1841763535 MAA 362 THE JAPANESE ARMY 1937-45 (I) 1931-42 ACE 004 KOREAN WAR ACES AVIATION ELITE (AEU) Combat histories of fighter or bomber units

the sooner the 23 President Dwight Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles in Autumn 1956. A re-election campaign occupied much of Eisenhower's time during the Suez Crisis. He and Dulles opposed british and French plans for attacking Egypt. (Topham Picturepoint) better. But they also thought that the liabilities of military action outweighed its benefits. Eisenhower suggested giving Omega more time. Moreover, he was campaigning for 24 Essential Histories • The Suez Crisis 1956

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