Venice's Hidden Enemies: Italian Heretics in a Renaissance City (Studies on the History of Society and Culture)

Venice's Hidden Enemies: Italian Heretics in a Renaissance City (Studies on the History of Society and Culture)

Language: English

Pages: 304

ISBN: 0520077431

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


How could early modern Venice, a city renowned for its political freedom and social harmony, also have become a center of religious dissent and inquisitorial repression? To answer this question, John Martin develops an innovative approach that deftly connects social and cultural history. The result is a profoundly important contribution to Renaissance and Reformation studies.

Martin offers a vivid re-creation of the social and cultural worlds of the Venetian heretics—those men and women who articulated their hopes for religious and political reform and whose ideologies ranged from evangelical to anabaptist and even millenarian positions. In exploring the connections between religious beliefs and social experience, he weaves a rich tapestry of Renaissance urban life that is sure to intrigue all those involved in anthropological, religious, and historical studies—students and scholars alike.

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live there with the greatest freedom. . . . This is the reason why people come here from everywhere, wishing to spend their lives in the greatest freedom and tranquillity of spirit, whether they are interested in commerce or crafts or leisure pursuits as befit free men. 14 Ultimately, however, it was in the larger context of the political crises of the first half of the sixteenth century that Venice's special place on the religious landscape of Italy was defined. For Venice, it turns out, would

Joanne Ferraro, Francisco Garcfa-Treto, Carlo Ginzburg, Nanette Le Coat, Richard Mackenney, Ed Muir, Stefano Pillinini, Kris Ruggiero, Alessandra Sambo, Silvana Seidel Menchi, and Roberto Zago. Jim Farrand Char Miller kindly read the manuscript and offered excellent suggestions for its improvement. I owe a special debt of gratitude to Gary Kates, who read this book in each of its many incarnations and who has been a supportive friend and colleague for nearly a decade. My students at Trinity

"Contra Vicentium Marchesium," transcript oftrial from 1552, f. 3. 39. Ibid., b. 24, doss. "Contra Andream quondam Melchioris Gambararium," testimony of 10 June 1568. 40. Ibid., b. 32, doss. "Contra Fratrem Hieronimum de Padua eta!.," testimony of 19 January 1572. 41. Ibid., b. 35, doss. "Contra Aquilinam Loschi," testimony of 15 March 1572. 42. The full title of the work was Compendio d'errori, et inganni Luterani, contenuti in 86 ~nices Hidden Enemies At its heart, the Beneficio was a

deS. Lucia"; b. 20, doss. "Paolo Gaian").-Zuanbattista Michie!: tried in 1554, again in 1574 (b. 11, doss. "Processus contra Anabatistas"; b. 37, doss. "Parto Girolamo").-Paolo Gaiano: implicated in 1549, tried in 1569; executed in 1570 (b. 7, doss. "Pre Alvise de Michie! confessore nel convento delle monache de S. Lucia"; b. 20, doss. "Paolo Gaian"; b. 159, register "Proccesi [sic] 1569, 1570, 1571"). Hiding 133 fellow heretic in Mantua that he maintain the greatest of caution. "If you know

408-409. And for an example of such influence, see ASV, Sant'Uffizio, b. 40, doss. "Negro Giorgio," denunciation of 23 April 1576. On the professions of faith, see Grendler, Schooling in Renaissance Italy, 42.

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