Who Will Shout If Not Us?: Student Activists and the Tiananmen Square Protest, China, 1989 (Civil Rights Struggles Around the World)

Who Will Shout If Not Us?: Student Activists and the Tiananmen Square Protest, China, 1989 (Civil Rights Struggles Around the World)

Ann Kerns

Language: English

Pages: 160

ISBN: 0822589710

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

In this gripping story of a historic clash between repressive government forces and individuals seeking freedom, well explore the reasons that led students in China to defy authority. Well learn the details of their demands and of the shattering events that followed when they took to the streets to press for their civil rights.

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restored. Mayor Chen Xitong and others expressed their belief that the demonstrations would not peter out after the May Fourth anniversary had passed. The students were, they said, planning for a long battle. Zhao still insisted on the patriotic and legal motivations of the students. But at the end of the meeting, he agreed to focus on national stability. The next day, seventy students from more than forty schools met at Beida. They began organizing a Beijing Student Dialogue Delegation. The

threatened the state, or wasn’t it? Many party officials agreed with Zhao’s position. Within the Politburo Standing Committee, Zhao continued to argue for softening the April€ 26 editorial. He asked Chinese president Yang Shangkun to bring the matter up with Deng. Yang did, and Zhao followed up with his own meeting with Deng. Deng Yang Shangkun was the president listened to Zhao’s arguments. If it of the People’s Republic of China from 1988 to 1993. would clear the students off the TURMOIL yyyy

Writer Liu Xiaobo felt that this combination of infighting at the top and passivity among the ranks would kill the movement. The situation, he felt, reflected the mistakes of Chinese history and not the spirit of a civil rights struggle. Liu decided to make his own sacrifice to spur the movement on again. On June 2, he announced that he would go on a hunger strike at the heroes’ monument. Popular singer Hou Dejian, editor Gao Xin, and businessman Zhou Tuo joined him. The four hunger strikers made

thought, changes in agriculture, industry, defense, and technology that would make China a global power 146 yyyy free market: of an economic system, based on the laws of supply and demand, with little government interference Gang of Four: Jiang Qing (Mao’s wife), Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan, and Wang Hongwen—enforcers of Mao’s policies during the Cultural Revolution Great Leap Forward: from 1958 to 1962, Mao’s attempt to solve China’s economic problems by increasing government control of

67 Zhang Liang, The Tiananmen Papers, 96. 71 Ibid. 72 “May 4,” in The Gate of Heavenly Peace, transcript, http://www .tsquare.tv/film/transmay4 .html (January 22, 2010). 73 Dingxin, The Power of Tiananmen, 288. 73 Zhang Liang, The Tiananmen Papers, 154 76 Shen, Almost a Revolution, 247. 76 “Hunger Strike,” in The Gate of Heavenly Peace, transcript, http:// www.tsquare.tv/film/transhs .html (January 22, 2010). 80 Zhang Liang, The Tiananmen Papers, 177. 82 Ibid., 189. 84 Nicholas D.

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